Health and Medicine Division (HMD) : Health and Medicine Division - HMD; IOM; Health and Medicine Division; Institute of Medicine; The Academies, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; NASEM

  • The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding : Health and Medicine Division - At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. The IOM finds that to advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research.
  • Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for Tomorrow : Health and Medicine Division - Despite the importance of eyesight, millions of people grapple with undiagnosed or untreated vision impairments—ranging from mild conditions to total blindness—and eye and vision health remain relatively absent from national health priority lists, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
  • Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice : Health and Medicine Division - Composition of peer groups, shifting demographics, changing societal norms, and modern technology are contextual factors that must be considered to understand and effectively react to bullying in the United States. Youth are embedded in multiple contexts and each of these contexts interacts with individual characteristics of youth in ways that either exacerbate or attenuate the association between these individual characteristics and bullying perpetration or victimization. Recognizing that bullying behavior is a major public health problem that demands the concerted and coordinated time and attention of parents, educators and school administrators, health care providers, policy makers, families, and others concerned with the care of children, this report evaluates the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization and the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences.
  • Families Caring for an Aging America : Health and Medicine Division - At least 17.7 million individuals in the United States are providing care and support to an older parent, spouse, friend, or neighbor who needs help because of a limitation in their physical, mental, or cognitive functioning.
  • Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence : Health and Medicine Division - In 2010, more than 105,000 people were injured or killed in the United States as the result of a firearm-related incident. Recent, highly publicized, tragic mass shootings in Newtown, CT; Aurora, CO; Oak Creek, WI; and Tucson, AZ, have sharpened the American public’s interest in protecting our children and communities from the harmful effects of firearm violence. While many Americans legally use firearms for a variety of activities, fatal and nonfatal firearm violence poses a serious threat to public safety and welfare. The IOM, in collaboration with the National Research Council, was asked to develop a potential research agenda that focuses on the causes of, possible interventions to, and strategies to minimize the burden of firearm-related violence. The proposed research agenda focuses on the characteristics of firearm violence, risk and protective factors, interventions and strategies, the impact of gun safety technology, and the influence of video games and other media.
  • Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief : Health and Medicine Division - On June 16, 2016, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a 1-day public workshop at the Lutheran Church of the Good Shepherd in Brooklyn, New York. At this workshop, participants explored public health approaches to reducing and preventing community violence. Individual participants discussed the effects of trauma and violence on communities and explored approaches that community members and multisector partners are using to build safe, resilient, and healthy communities.
  • Moving from Evidence to Implementation of Early Childhood Programs: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief : Health and Medicine Division - On June 23, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally (iYCG) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with the Fraser Mustard Institute for Human Development, Grand Challenges Canada, and the SickKids Centre for Global Child Health, held a workshop in Toronto, Canada, titled “Moving from Evidence to Implementation of Early Childhood Development: Strategies for Implementation.”
  • Investing in Young Children Globally for Peaceful Societies: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop : Health and Medicine Division - With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 through March 18, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with UNICEF and the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Center for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue, held a workshop in Amman, Jordan, to explore topics related to investing in young children for peaceful societies.
  • Accounting for Social Risk Factors in Medicare Payment: Data : Health and Medicine Division - The Department of Health and Human Services, acting through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene an ad hoc committee to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and methods to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs. The committee's work will be conducted in phases and will produce five brief consensus reports.
  • Exploring the Role of Accreditation in Enhancing Quality and Innovation in Health Professions Education: Proceedings of a Workshop : Health and Medicine Division - The purpose of accreditation is to build a competent health workforce by ensuring the quality of training taking place within those institutions that have met certain criteria. Given the rapid changes in society, health, and health care, members of the Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education elected to take on the topic of accreditation and to explore the effect of societal shifts on new and evolving health professional learning opportunities to best ensure quality education is offered by institutions regardless of the program or delivery platform.
  • Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of Health Care and Transportation: Proceedings of a Workshop : Health and Medicine Division - Two divisions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the Health and Medicine Division (HMD) and the Transportation Research Board (TRB), held a joint workshop, Exploring Data and Metrics of Value at the Intersection of Health Care and Transportation on June 6–7, 2016, to examine partnerships, data, and measurement at the intersection of the health care and transportation sectors.
  • Deriving Drug Discovery Value from Large-Scale Genetic Bioresources: Proceedings of a Workshop : Health and Medicine Division - Utilizing genetic and phenotypic information collected and stored in bioresources has the potential to enable more efficient drug discovery and precision medicine.

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